The first complete biography of 1 of the best figures of eighteenth-century Europe, identified in his time because the "Black Mozart"
Virtually forgotten in the past, his existence is the stuff of legend. Born in 1739 in Guadeloupe to a slave mom and a French noble father, he turned the best swordsman of his age, an insider on the doomed court docket of Louis XVI, and, such a lot of all, a virtuosic musician. A violinist, he directed the Olympic Society of concert events, which was once thought of the best in Europe in an age of serious musicians, together with Haydn, from whom he commissioned a symphony, and Mozart, to whom he was once usually in comparison. He additionally turned the 1st Freemason of colour, embracing the French Revolution with the idea that it'll finish the racism opposed to which-despite his illustrious achievements-he struggled his entire lifestyles. this is often the lifetime of Joseph Bologne, identified variously as Monsieur de Saint-George, the "Black Mozart," and, due to his origins, "the American." Alain Guédé deals a desirable account of this impressive person, whose musical compositions are in the end being revived and whose tale won't ever back be forgotten.
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Extra resources for Monsieur de Saint-George
The midwife exulted. Ti moune l. a. ça, si Bon Dié baille vie santé en peu di y ke grand missié! “If the nice Lord supplies him lifestyles and wellbeing and fitness, your child be an exceptional gentleman! ” Then she ventured a prophecy. “One day this boy meet the king of France! ” Nanon, by way of normal acknowledgment the main attractive girl at the island of Guadeloupe, had simply awarded Guillaume-Pierre with a son. For Father Casimir, it was once another baptism to have fun in a parish already transforming into by way of leaps and boundaries; in a couple of months he may position the 1st stone in what may develop into Saint-François church. As this was once Christmas Day, he decreed that the identify “Joseph” used to be significant. The identify used to be all of the extra applicable on condition that the shopper saint of carpenters was once additionally that of the so-called nègres à expertise, “skilled Negroes”—those who via dint of and services in a few quarter had controlled to unfastened themselves from the driver’s whip. still, Joseph’s identify wouldn't be indexed at the registry stored via the curate of close by Le Baillif. His father may be a French nobleman, yet Nanon was once a slave, and the youngsters of slaves weren't well-known via the Church. just a yr and a few earlier than, this youngest son of the Tavernier de Boullongne kinfolk line were miles clear of the Lesser Antilles, scuffling with grim battles opposed to the Austrians and Prussians within the dust and drizzle of Flanders. yet all that used to be long ago. this day, every thing looked as if it would have became out wonderfully for twenty-nine-year-old Guillaume-Pierre, who had come to Guadeloupe vowing to earn his fortune and thereby to revive to his ennobled family’s identify a luster just a little misplaced over the process numerous generations. The Boullongnes have been one of the oldest households of French Flanders. that they had had their ups and downs, even though. in the beginning of the 17th century, for instance, Louis de Boullongne was once pursued through collectors, pressured to escape the relatives seat, and set himself up within the city of Beauvais, north of Paris. considering it prudent, he had hid his noble name, calling himself easily “Tavernier. ” The ruse was once a need for just a short time; as soon as the moneylenders’ threats had handed, Louis instantly started to demonstrate brazenly his identify and coat of hands. Doing so was once greater than an insignificant topic of delight. In France in this interval, the emerging bourgeoisie was once engaged in a frantic quest for status; of their eyes, that aristocratic “de” in Louis’s identify was once a true prize. He controlled to marry off his son, Charles, to a nouveau riche’s daughter, whose dowry, in flip, enabled her husband to shop for the placement of “personal lieutenant. ” even though most probably less than the extent of what it's going to were had it taken position in Versailles, the wedding rite were celebrated through no much less a personage than the bishop of Senlis. an identical technique used to be in the end by way of the grandson, Guillaume—Guillaume-Pierre’s father—who made both smart use of his wife’s dowry in 1708 through purchasing, admittedly at a very increased cost, the profitable put up of director of the salt tax within the city of Orléans.