Category: Science

Download E-books Francis Bacon and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge (Continuum Studies in British Philosophy) PDF

By Dennis Desroches

While Francis Bacon is still thought of the 'father' of contemporary experimental technology, his writings are not any longer given shut recognition by way of such a lot historians and philosophers of technological know-how, not to mention by means of scientists themselves. during this new e-book Dennis Desroches speaks up loudly for Bacon, exhibiting how we have now but to surpass the elemental theoretical insights that he provided in the direction of generating clinical wisdom.

The ebook first examines the critics who've led many generations of students - in fields as various as literary feedback, technology stories, feminism, philosophy and historical past - to consider Bacon as an outdated landmark within the background of rules instead of a very important philosopher for our personal day. Bacon's personal paintings is noticeable to comprise the simplest responses to those numerous kinds of assault. Desroches then specializes in Bacon's Novum Organum, The development of studying and De Augmentis, which will figure the theoretical - instead of easily the empirical or utilitarian - nature of his programme for the 'renovation' of the ordinary sciences. the ultimate a part of the booklet attracts startling hyperlinks among Bacon and one of many 20th century's most vital historians/philosophers of technology, Thomas Kuhn, discerning in Kuhn's paintings a reprise of a lot of Bacon's basic principles - regardless of Kuhn's transparent try and reject Bacon as an important contributor to the best way we predict approximately medical perform this present day. Desroches concludes, then, that Bacon was once no longer easily the 'father' of recent technology - he's nonetheless within the technique of 'fathering' it.

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Download E-books A History of Science in World Cultures: Voices of Knowledge PDF

By Scott L. Montgomery

To comprehend sleek technological know-how, it truly is necessary to realize that a number of the such a lot primary medical ideas are drawn from the data of old civilizations. Taking a world but complete method of this advanced subject, A historical past of technological know-how in global Cultures makes use of a wide diversity of case experiences and examples to illustrate that the clinical suggestion and approach to the current day is deeply rooted in a pluricultural previous.

Covering historic Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, China, Islam, and the recent global, this quantity discusses the scope of clinical and technological achievements in each one civilization and the way the data it built got here to affect the ecu Renaissance. topics coated comprise the impact those clinical cultures had upon each other, the facility of writing and its applied sciences, visions of mathematical order within the universe and the way it may be represented, and what components of the far away medical earlier we proceed to depend on this present day. issues usually left unexamined in histories of technological know-how are taken care of in attention-grabbing aspect, akin to the chemistry of mummification and the nice Library in Alexandria in Egypt, jewelry and concrete making plans of the Indus Valley, hydraulic engineering and the compass in China, the sustainable agriculture and dental surgical procedure of the Mayas, and algebra and optics in Islam.

This publication exhibits that medical proposal hasn't ever been constrained to anyone period, tradition, or geographic zone. in actual fact awarded and hugely illustrated, A heritage of technology in international Cultures is the fitting textual content for all scholars and others drawn to the improvement of technological know-how all through history.

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Download E-books Intellectual Impostures PDF

While highbrow Impostures used to be released in France, it despatched surprise waves throughout the Left financial institution institution. whilst it was once released in Britain, it provoked vicious debate. Sokal and Bricmont study the canon of French postmodernists - Lacan, Kristeva, Baudrillard, Irigaray, Latour, Virilio, Deleuze and Guattari - and systematically divulge their abuse of technological know-how.

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Download E-books The Science of Fear: Why We Fear the Things We Shouldn't--and Put Ourselves in Greater Danger PDF

By Daniel Gardner

As award-winning journalist Daniel Gardner demonstrates, irrational worry springs from how people miscalculate hazards. Our hunter-gatherer brains developed in the course of the outdated Stone Age and fight to make feel of a global completely in contrast to the one who made them. Numbers, for example, confuse us. Our “gut” tells us that no matter if there aren’t “fifty thousand predators…on the net prowling for children,” as a contemporary U.S. lawyer basic claimed, then there has to be an lousy lot. Real-world examples, interviews with specialists, and fast moving, lean storytelling make The technological know-how of worry an interesting and enlightening travel.

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Download E-books Earth: An Intimate History PDF

By Richard Fortey

In Earth, the acclaimed writer of Trilobite! and Life takes us on a grand journey of the earth’s actual prior, exhibiting how the background of plate tectonics is etched within the panorama round us.


Beginning with Mt. Vesuvius, whose eruption in Roman occasions helped spark the technological know-how of geology, and finishing in a lab within the West of britain the place mathematical types and lab experiments exchange direct commentary, Richard Fortey tells us what the current says approximately old geologic methods. He exhibits how plate tectonics got here to rule the geophysical panorama and the way the facts is written within the hills and within the stones. And within the procedure, he's taking us on a superb trip world wide to go to essentially the most interesting and interesting spots in the world.

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Download E-books Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction PDF

By Barry Gower

The crucial topic working all through this awesome new survey is the character of the philosophical debate created by means of sleek science's origin in experimental and mathematical technique. extra lately, reputation that reasoning in technological know-how is probabilistic generated extreme debate approximately no matter if and the way it's going to be limited in an effort to make sure the sensible walk in the park of the conclusions drawn. those debates dropped at gentle problems with a philosophical nature which shape the center of many clinical controversies at the present time. Scientific process: A historic and Philosophical Introduction offers those debates via transparent and comparative dialogue of key figures within the background of technological know-how. Key chapters significantly discuss
* Galileo's demonstrative procedure, Bacon's inductive process, and Newton's principles of reasoning
* the increase of probabilistic `Bayesian' tools within the eighteenth century
* the tactic of hypotheses in the course of the paintings of Herschel, Mill and Whewell
* the conventionalist perspectives of Poincaré and Duhem
* the inductivism of Peirce, Russell and Keynes
* Popper's falsification in comparison with Reichenbach's enumerative induction
* Carnap's medical strategy as Bayesian reasoning

The debates are cited so far within the ultimate chapters by way of contemplating the ways that principles approximately technique within the actual and organic sciences have affected puzzling over process within the social sciences. This debate is analyzed in the course of the rules of key theorists akin to Kuhn, Lakatos, and Feyerabend.

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Download E-books Mad Like Tesla: Underdog Inventors and Their Relentless Pursuit of Clean Energy PDF

Climate swap ideas so loopy they simply may perhaps paintings! A look for the modern Nikola Tesla - thought of a mad scientist by means of his society for predicting worldwide warming greater than a hundred years in the past - fuels this research of weather matters, which introduces thinkers and inventors who're operating to discover attainable methods out of the power quandary. From Louis Michaud, a retired refinery engineer who claims we will be able to harness the strength of artificial tornadoes, to a professor and a businessman who're operating an organization that genetically modifies algae so it may secrete ethanol clearly, those members and their unorthodox tools are profiled via first-person interviews, exposing the social, fiscal, monetary, and private obstacles that hinder them from making an effect with their principles. the present kingdom of eco-friendly strength applied sciences, resembling sun, wind, biofuels, shrewdpermanent grid, and effort garage, can be explored, making a feel of desire opposed to a backdrop of weather dread.

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Download E-books Can't Remember What I Forgot: The Good News from the Front Lines of Memory Research PDF

By Sue Halpern

A vital behind-the-scenes foray into the realm of state-of-the-art reminiscence learn that unveils findings approximately reminiscence loss in simple terms now on hand to common readers.

When Sue Halpern made up our minds to emulate the first glossy scientist of reminiscence, Hermann Ebbinghaus, who experimented on himself, she had no concept that after an afternoon of radioactive checking out, her mind may develop into so “hot” that leaving during the entrance door of the lab might set off the alarm. This was once now not the first time whereas studying Can’t take into accout What I Forgot, a part of which seemed in The New Yorker, that Halpern had her head tested, nor would it not be the final.

Halpern spent years within the corporation of the neuroscientists, pharmacologists, psychologists, nutritionists, and inventors who're trying to find the genes and molecules, the medication and meals, the machines, the prosthetics, the behaviors and treatments that would stave off Alzheimer’s and different kinds of dementia and continue our minds–and memories–intact. Like many folks who've had a relative or good friend succumb to reminiscence loss, who're aging, who're listening to information approximately our personal probabilities of falling sufferer to dementia, who fear that every lapse of reminiscence portends sickness, Halpern desired to find out what the specialists fairly knew, what the bench scientists have been engaged on, how shut technology is to a therapy, to therapy, to exact early prognosis, and, in fact, no matter if the crossword puzzles, sudokus, and ballroom dancing we’ve been advised to absorb can relatively hold us lucid or if they’re simply whatever to do sooner than the inevitable overtakes us.

Beautifully written, sharply saw, and deeply expert, Can’t keep in mind What I Forgot is a ebook filled with important information–and a superior dose of desire.

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Download E-books Science 2 for the International Student PDF

By Jenny Sharwood, Neil Champion, Julie Hall, Tanith James, Katrina Mitchell, Rachel Whan

Technological know-how 2 for the foreign scholar has been constructed for the realm pupil. This six-book sequence has been written by means of an skilled overseas writer staff and may profit scholars learning the overseas Baccalaureate MYP. The sequence has been conscientiously crafted to make sure scholars improve a world view of technology. technological know-how 2 for the overseas pupil provides 8 built-in devices. The unit query, major techniques and quarter of interplay concentration are pointed out initially of every unit.

Each unit features:

-flexibility that enables faculties to boost a programme compatible for his or her needs
-assessment projects identified
-student mirrored image equipped into every one unit
-progressive improvement of clinical inquiry via experiments and investigations -addressing standards D and E
-suggestions for Criterion A technological know-how activities
-icons indicating the advance of methods to studying, Learner Profile and technology particular skills
-What are you aware? query units all through each one unit addressing Criterion C
-highlighted new phrases and end-of-unit glossary
-hands-on studying actions compatible for sophistication or home
-literacy actions supporting scholars in constructing verbal exchange skills
-end-of-unit evaluation questions incorporating more than a few query forms appropriate for review of Criterion C

An interactive scholar CD-ROM is packaged with each path publication. The CD-ROM contains:

an digital model of the direction book
Let's use expertise actions and worksheets
short animations to help scholar realizing of adverse concepts
interactive scholar self-tests
links to paintings on the internet activities

This ebook is supported through a instructor source CD-ROM.

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