Category: Cultural Studies

Download E-books Cultural Amnesia: Notes in the Margin of My Time PDF

By Clive James

'One stupendous starburst of untamed brilliance' SIMON SCHAMA 'Aphoristic and acutely provocative: a crash path in civilization' J. M. COETZEE geared up from A via Z, and containing over a hundred essays, Cultural Amnesia is the final word advisor to the 20 th century. 'This is a gorgeous ebook. James proves himself not just to be in ownership of a towering mind, yet a novel skill to speak his passions' Observer 'Witty, insightful and unashamedly erudite, the booklet is a wonderful miscellany of 20th-century cultural and political subjects' The Sunday instances 'Over the previous 40 years James has been scribbling notes within the margins of the books he has learn ...and this can be the end result. smart, contentious and funny' dad or mum 'An eclectic trip throughout the twentieth century, as Clive James explores the careers of luminaries akin to Charles de Gaulle and Charlie

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Download E-books Dictators, Democracy, and American Public Culture: Envisioning the Totalitarian Enemy, 1920s-1950s PDF

By Benjamin L. Alpers

Targeting portrayals of Mussolini's Italy, Hitler's Germany, and Stalin's Russia in U.S. movies, journal and newspaper articles, books, performs, speeches, and different texts, Benjamin Alpers lines altering American understandings of dictatorship from the overdue Twenties throughout the early years of the chilly battle.
During the early Thirties, such a lot Americans' belief of dictatorship thinking about the dictator. even if seen as heroic or terrible, the dictator was once represented as a determine of significant, masculine energy and effectiveness. because the nice melancholy gripped the U.S., a couple of people--including conservative individuals of the clicking and a few Hollywood filmmakers--even dared to indicate that dictatorship will be the reply to America's social difficulties.
In the past due Nineteen Thirties, American causes of dictatorship shifted concentration from person leaders to the routine that empowered them. Totalitarianism turned the picture opposed to which a view of democracy emphasizing tolerance and pluralism and disparaging mass events constructed. First used to explain dictatorships of either correct and left, the time period "totalitarianism" fell out of use upon the U.S. access into international conflict II. With the war's finish and the cave in of the U.S.-Soviet alliance, notwithstanding, matters approximately totalitarianism lay the basis for the rising chilly warfare.

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Download E-books In Pursuit of Elegance: Why the Best Ideas Have Something Missing PDF

By Matthew E. May

What made the Sopranos finale one of many most-talked-about occasions in tv history?

Why is sudoku so addictive and the iPhone so darn irresistible?

What do Jackson Pollock and Lance Armstrong have in universal with theoretical physicists and Buddhist monks?

Elegance.

In this thought-provoking exploration of why sure occasions, items, and folks seize our realization and imaginations, Matthew E. may perhaps examines the elusive aspect at the back of such a lot of leading edge breakthroughs in fields starting from physics and advertising to layout and pop culture. Combining strange simplicity and amazing energy, beauty is characterised by means of 4 key elements—seduction, subtraction, symmetry, and sustainability. In a compelling, story-driven narrative that sheds gentle at the want for splendor in layout, engineering, paintings, city making plans, activities, and paintings, might bargains striking proof that what’s “not there” usually trumps what is.

In the bestselling culture of The Tipping aspect, Made to Stick, and The Black Swan, In Pursuit of Elegance will switch how you take into consideration the realm.

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Download E-books The Epistemology of the Pathological: Essays on Mental Health from Plato to Foucault PDF

By Kevin S. Jobe

Scope and approach to research. The scope of this examine is three-fold. I start in part I by way of trying to lay a discursive beginning for conversing approximately insanity and psychological sickness. i try to hint out either an ethical and a medical-scientific discourse of insanity, starting in Plato and carrying on with to the current. I research the claims of Foucault that smooth psychiatric perform is overlain with the "myths of objectivity and neutrality" through studying many of the modern discussions over psychological sickness. In part II, I proceed my research into the discursive formation of insanity by means of studying our modern figuring out of the 'homeless mentally ill' within the usa. My major argument is that the main regular psychological problems chanced on one of the homeless are these that are ethical and never scientific in nature, and that this exhibits that the claims of observer-objectivity and value-neutrality in psychological well-being are most likely fake. I proceed my research into the discursive formation of insanity in part III by means of uncovering unique discourses of insanity within the paintings of Plato. I argue that there are distinctive sorts of insanity in Plato, just one of which meets the factors of psychological disease present in the DSM.

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Download E-books The Age of Kali: Indian Travels and Encounters PDF

By William Dalrymple

In Sri Lanka, Pakistan and India itself, William Dalrymple searches for proof of Kali Yug, the Hindu 'age of darkness.' Venturing to locations hardly ever visited via foreigners, he travels deep into guerilla territory with the Tamil Tigers, visits Benazir Bhutto and meets the drug lords of the North West Frontier. He unveils a areas the place the strengths and difficulties of either modernity and culture stay to be reconciled. the result's this engrossing, eagle-eyed and completely spell binding collection.

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Download E-books Homo Ludens: Study of the Play Element in Culture (International Library of Society) PDF

By Johan Huizinga

Homo Ludens or "Man the Player" (alternatively, "Playing Man") is a ebook written in 1938 through Dutch historian, cultural theorist and professor Johan Huizinga. It discusses the significance of the play component of tradition and society. Huizinga makes use of the time period "Play Theory" in the e-book to outline the conceptual house within which play happens. Huizinga means that play is fundamental to, and is an important (though no longer adequate) of the new release of culture.

Foreword controversy: Huizinga makes it transparent within the foreword of his publication that he capacity the play part of tradition, and never the play point in tradition. He writes that he titled the preliminary lecture the ebook is predicated on "The Play component to Culture". This name used to be many times corrected to "in" tradition, a revision he objected to. Huizinga explains:

"...it was once no longer my item to outline where of play between all different manifestations of tradition, yet particularly to check how a ways tradition itself bears the nature of play." (Foreword, unnumbered page)

The uncredited English translator of the Beacon Press model transformed the subtitle of the publication to "A learn of the Play-Element In Culture", contradicting Huizinga's acknowledged goal. The translator explains in a footnote within the Foreword, "Logically, after all, Huizinga is right; yet as English prepositions are usually not ruled by means of good judgment i've got retained the extra euphonious ablative during this sub-title." therefore, the translator intends no switch in that means, yet basically inspiration "in culture" sounded larger than "of culture"!

The model in print and broadly on hand in English is a translation and synthesis of the unique Dutch and the 1st English translation (done via Huizinga himself), simply because "a comparability of the 2 texts indicates a few discrepancies and a marked distinction in style" (Translators word, unnumbered page).

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Download E-books Slavery and Freedom in Nineteenth-Century America (Inaugural Lectures (University of Oxford)) PDF

By Eric Foner

"Freedom" hasn't ever been a set class or predetermined suggestion. topic to a number of interpretations, its definition has been created and recreated via old contingencies and social conflicts. Eric Foner strains how the life of slavery helped to form the knowledge of freedom by means of americans either white and black from the colonial period to the tip of Reconstruction. He can pay specific awareness to the metaphorical makes use of of "slavery" through teams looking to extend triumphing definitions of freedom (such because the labour movement's critique of "wage slavery", and feedback of the "slavery of intercourse" by means of early feminists) in addition to to the controversy over the that means of freedom unleashed by way of the destruction of slavery through the Civil conflict.

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Download E-books Fantasy Sports: Athletics And Identity In Postmodern American Literature, 1967-2008 PDF

By Mark P. Bresnan

During the last 4 a long time, starting with the inaugural great Bowl in 1967, American activities have passed through some of the related modifications that experience marked postmodernity in tradition at huge: the exponential progress of activities media; elevated concentrate on performative, instead of aggressive, acts; epistemological and ontological instability; and an embody of the worldwide and advertisement over the neighborhood and sacred. This venture analyzes the illustration of activities in American literature in this span, interpreting literary texts in synthesis with popular-culture activities narratives within which activities fans build their very own "fantasies" of the athletic physique. whereas mythic archetypes of activities heroism proceed to form those buildings, rising narrative systems (including cable tv, rotisserie and fable leagues, and fan weblogs) have provided new methods of interpreting the carrying topic. "Fantasy Sports" identifies those debates approximately subjectivity because the fundamental aspect of intersection among modern activities tradition and postmodern literature. In its reaction to modern activities, postmodern literature has grew to become clear of the emphasis on genuine masculinity and autonomy that formed either modernist and realist traditions of activities literature. by means of emphasizing the distance among athletic functionality and private id, postmodern literature frames athletic subjectivity because the made from fraught negotiations between athletes, lovers, and the mass media.

The perform of activities, as depicted in those texts, blurs the binary oppositions among guy and girl, player and spectator, novice undefined, and in-bounds and out-of-play that constitution either advertisement and cultural activities associations. mentioning theoretical paintings by way of Michel de Certeau, Judith Butler, Donna Haraway, and Jean Baudrillard, between others, this undertaking reads those practices as strategic and provisional makes an attempt to take care of a degree of autonomy inside of a activities tradition that rigidly polices either identification and behaviour. by means of drawing jointly postmodern cultural concept, experiences of latest activities tradition, and modern activities literature, "Fantasy Sports" identifies a special physique of fiction, drama, and non-fiction that substantially revises the topics, modes of characterization, and narratives at paintings within the dominant culture of activities literature. moreover, it bargains a suite of interpretive recommendations that larger account for the location and gear of activities in modern tradition.

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Download E-books Ordinary Lives: Studies in the Everyday PDF

By Ben Highmore

This new research from Ben Highmore seems to be on the probably banal international of items, paintings, day-by-day media, and nutrition, and unearths there a scintillating array of passionate event. via a chain of case reviews, and development on his earlier paintings at the daily, Highmore examines our courting to everyday items (a favorite chair), repetitive paintings (housework, typing), media (distracted tv viewing and radio listening) and meals (specifically the meals of multicultural Britain). A chair permits him to think about the background of flat-pack furnishings in addition to the vigorous presence of inorganic ‘stuff’ in our day-by-day lives. Distracted tv looking at and radio listening turns into one of many preconditions for experiencing ask yourself in the course of the media.

Ordinary Lives hyperlinks the concrete learn of regimen life to theoretical mirrored image on daily life. The publication discusses philosophers resembling Jacques Rancière, William James and David Hume and combines them with autobiographical tales, historic examine and the research of pop culture to enquire the trivialities of day by day existence. Highmore argues that aesthetic adventure is embedded within the mundane sensory global of lifestyle. He asks the reader to re-evaluate the detrimental institutions of behavior and regimen, focusing particularly at the intrinsic ambiguity of behavior (habit, we discover out, is either inflexible and adaptive). instead of ask ‘what does lifestyle mean?’ this booklet asks ‘what does daily life suppose like and the way do our sensual, emotional and temporal stories interconnect and intersect?’

Ordinary Lives is an obtainable, lively and interesting ebook that's preferrred to either scholars and researchers operating in cultural reports, media and conversation and sociology.

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Download E-books Counterculture Colophon: Grove Press, the Evergreen Review, and the Incorporation of the Avant-Garde (Post*45) PDF

By Loren Glass

Responsible for such landmark guides as Lady Chatterley's Lover, Tropic of Cancer, Naked Lunch, expecting Godot,The Wretched of the Earth , and The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Grove Press used to be the main cutting edge writer of the postwar period. Counterculture Colophon tells the tale of ways the click and its condominium magazine, The Evergreen Review, revolutionized the publishing and radicalized the interpreting behavior of the "paperback generation." within the procedure, it bargains a brand new window onto the Nineteen Sixties, from 1951, while Barney Rosset bought the fledgling press for $3,000, to 1970, while the multimedia company into which he had outfitted the corporate used to be crippled by means of a strike and feminist takeover.

Grove Press was once not just liable for finishing censorship of the published be aware within the usa but in addition for bringing avant-garde literature, specifically drama, into the cultural mainstream as a part of the standard paperback revolution. a lot of this occurred because of Rosset, whose charismatic management was once the most important to Grove's good fortune. With chapters overlaying international literature and the Latin American increase, together with Grove's shut organization with UNESCO and the increase of cultural international relations; experimental drama corresponding to the theater of the absurd, the residing Theater, and the political epics of Bertolt Brecht; pornography and obscenity, together with the landmark booklet of the whole paintings of the Marquis de Sade; progressive writing, that includes Rosset's bold pursuit of the Bolivian journals of Che Guevara; and underground movie, together with the cutting edge improvement of the pocket filmscript, Loren Glass covers the total spectrum of Grove's amazing fulfillment as a communications middle of the counterculture.

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